The Physical Properties of Obsidian
Obsidian is a mineral-like rock formed as a result of rapidly cooled lava. However, it is not considered a mineral because of its glassy appearance and its composition. Its composition is similar to rhyolite or granite. Rhyolites and granites can form from the same magma as obsidian and are often geographically associated with obsidian. On the Mohs' scale of hardness, it ranges from 5-6.
Pure obsidian is dark in appearance, though the color varies depending on the presence of impurities. Iron and other transition elements may give the obsidian a dark brown to black color. Depending on how its cut, it can also give off a glistening grey appearance. However, it can also be tan or green. Rarely, obsidian can be blue, red, orange, or yellow.
The History of Obsidian
Obsidian was valued in the Stone Age by cultures because, like flint, it could be broken down to produce arrowheads or sharp blades. Like all glass, obsidian breaks with conchoidal fracture as compared to other types of naturally occurring rocks. It was also refined to create mirrors. Obsidian is also used for decorative purposes and as a gemstone.
Obsidian can be obtained in locations which have experienced volcanic eruptions which include locations in several areas in the North, Central and South Americas, Scotland, Europe, Africa, Iceland, New Zealand, Australia, Japan, and Papua New Guinea.
The Lore of Obsidian
The Native Americans used obsidian for ceremonies to enhance their inner sight. The Apache Tear comes from a legend of the Apache people. After a defeat in a great battle and the death of countless brave Apache warriors, their women mourned over the bodies. Their tears solidified and turned into this stone. It was believed that anyone who has an Apache Tear will never cry again.
The Polynesian referred to Obsidian as Pele's Hair which was named after Pele, the volcanic goddess. It was believed that Pele, who was the keeper of the souls of the dead in the Underworld realm, sent the souls back to the earth along with her lava to be reincarnated.
The Metaphysical Properties of Obsidian
Black obsidian contains the most potent energies such as the elements of fire, water, and earth. It was also used by light workers, spiritualists, shamans, and alchemists because of its powers to heal. This beautiful and potent stone can help see through nonsense, break illusions, and uncover lies.
Obsidian also acts as a protective stone that will guard the person against all kinds of negative forces. Obsidian works like a mirror that will allow you to see your faults, weaknesses, and mistakes. Obsidian can also aid in your wellbeing, promoting good cardiovascular health, helping in digestion and with other digestive obstacles.
The healing effect that arises from the black obsidian stone can also benefit your muscle tissues, help with bacterial or viral infections. The obsidian stone can also renew your balance and harmony, draw out the stress and tension from your body, and replace it with calm and relaxation.